West Asia, North Africa and Afghanistan 

The Brewing Conflict of the Blue Nile: Egyptian/Ethiopian Conflict of Water Resource Control

by Luke Hally Water rights and conflict are now an ever common undertone contributory pairing of contemporary disputes. This is certainly the case for regions that are at the forefront of water access and resource scarcity. Out of all these regions, the most pressing development of this scarcity can be analysed within the African continent. The most daunting of these conflicts on an interstate level revolves around the construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, which will directly impact the water rights of Sudan and Egypt. These Upper Nile nations…

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Asia & Oceania Europe West Asia, North Africa and Afghanistan 

The Ethical Quagmire of Proxy Militia in Contemporary Security Governance

by Luke Hally International engagements in interstate warfare have altered the amalgamation and structure of conventional military decorum and competency overlap of achieving state aims. This change has become further entrenched in security doctrine within an overt structure of security governance. Proxy militia utilisation has remained a staple of conflict since antiquity yet is frequently scrutinised for its effectiveness in achieving security aims and adhering to similar ethical scrutiny of core state armed force units.  Particularly when it comes to internationally recognised conventions that govern the rules of engagements and…

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Asia & Oceania Europe 

The Beautiful Game: Understanding Conflict Through the Lens of Sport History

by Luke Hally Understanding conflict contributors in contemporary security modelling requires a broad yet interconnected understanding of variables that influence catalysts of violence. In order to develop effective means of mitigating conflict or conflict outbursts, these variables of influence should be assessed with full fruition regardless of their obscurity or seemingly marginal importance. Oftentimes overlooked contributors form invaluable tools for creating a modular and curated engagement approach within particular conflict contexts. Within this article, a case study approach of assessing violence in sports history will offer yet another unique perspective…

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Americas Europe 

The Cyber Crisis of Contemporary Security Governance

by Luke Hally The fervent development of digital intertwinement in contemporary state governance structures has exponentially accelerated over the last decade due to the principles of Moore’s law, increased accessibility and decreased cost. The rapid development and subsequent intertwinement have inevitably led to a lag in policy, governance, regulation and protection against the threats posed by the advancements of the digital age. If digital liberal democracy and illiberal authoritarianism are to be the new norm in contemporary global governance, then a rapid coincident of comprehension in policy is undoubtedly required…

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Asia & Oceania Europe Sub-Saharan Africa West Asia, North Africa and Afghanistan 

Water Wars

by Luke Hally Traditional conflict modelling peacebuilding policy implementation has of late not taken into consideration the gravity and extent of contribution of the impact of water resource access has upon conflict-prone regions. This potent strategic resource has played a significant part within contemporary examples of conventional conflict. Examples that will only increase in severity and gravity as populations begin to grow and climate becomes more volatile in its ever-changing form.  Consecutive modern conflicts have had core undertones of water rights and access to clean drinking water as a stipulation…

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Sub-Saharan Africa West Asia, North Africa and Afghanistan 

Heritage Destruction: An Overlooked Conflict Contributor

by Luke Hally The looting of antiquities is a frequently overlooked aspect when considering the variables of conflict causation and continuation. The private market of antiquities is often allowed to operate with less stringent scrutiny than petroleum or rare earth minerals. This lack of scrutiny is present in the most prestigious auction houses, such as Christie’s, as recent as June 2020, with two Igbo statues looted during the Biafran war in Nigeria. It acts as a proxy front for both militant and regime officials to evade sanctions and raise funds…

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Uncategorized 

The global conflict paradigm shift of the advent of autonomous loitering munitions

by Luke Hally The utilisation of loitering munitions has become an ever foreboding element to the application of contemporary conventional conflicts. The pertinency of its assessment is called into question in their application and end-use in the field of warfare, being an innovative and ever recent technology. The ethical usage and implication within the means of war have yet to be scrutinised to the full degree of pragmatic conventional policy-making, as with the application and regulation of cluster munitions. Beyond the policy aspects of global consensus on their usage remains…

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Americas Europe Middle East and Maghreb Sub-Saharan Africa Uncategorized 

Political Conflicts in 2019: Persistent continuation and surprising dynamics

by Mayely Müller and Michael Hebeisen

First published by Friedensakademie Rheinland-Pfalz

Observing political conflicts and tracing their dynamics is a complex undertaking, which requires a multilayered approach and long-term engagement. The annually published Conflict Barometer is taking up this challenge. For 2019, 358 political conflicts were recorded. The following blog article presents these recent findings and discusses how the current COVID-19 pandemic could affect the global conflict landscape.

The annual Conflict Barometer, a report published by the Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research (HIIK), is dedicated to the documentation of political conflicts worldwide. This entails the in-depth analysis of violent and non-violent conflicts in all world regions. By observing the dynamics of escalation, de-escalation, and resolution of conflicts on an annual basis, the Heidelberg approach makes conflict dynamics traceable and comparable in the long term. The continuous collection of data serves as a basis for the work and research of policymakers, NGOs, IOs, and scholars. HIIK focuses on the observation of conflicts rather than on root cause analyses. Moreover, it provides a global overview of certain dynamics, such as worldwide demonstrations in 2019.

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HIIK at EU European Conference Turkey Kurds Europe Middle East and Maghreb 

A Turning Point in the Kurdish Question? Insights from the International Conference on the EU, Turkey and the Kurds

The 16th International Conference on “The European Union, Turkey and the Kurds” was held in the European Parliament on February 5 and 6. It shone a spotlight on recent developments in Belgium’s jurisdiction that might bring change to years of policy making and a major shift in the dynamics of Turkey and the Kurds.

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Europe 

Sometime they’ll give a war and nobody will come. Cyberwarfare and the German “Superwahljahr” 2017

In German, the line „Stell dir vor, es ist Krieg und keiner geht hin.“ (literally: Imagine there’s a war and nobody goes there.) is quite often falsely attributed to Bertold Brecht and became a slogan of the German peace movement in the 1980s. Actually, it is a translation of a line from American poet Carl August Sandburg’s poem “The people, Yes”: Sometime they’ll give a war and nobody will come. What has been a both defiant and encouraging slogan in the 1980s, sadly lost a lot of its spirit in…

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